Magnetic Therapy Insomnia – Frequency Specific Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy PEMF – rTMS Sleep Bibliography

Magentic Therapy for Insomnia uses pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMF therapy) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS/TMS) where research suggests a pulsed magnetic field can induce sleep and relaxation in insomnia and other sleep disorders. 

There have been a few studies suggesting that Delta-rhythm frequency pulsed magnetic therapy or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has reduced insomnia and other sleeping disorders. In ’06-’07 these two on-point studies proved Delta-rhythm signals would in fact increase Delta wave sleep. EarthPulse™ success rate at 97%+ is proof positive this simple technology improves sleep, physical and mental performance, and will have you feeling a decade (or two) younger in 90-days or your money back.

Back in the 1960’s or 70’s the Soviets developed “ElectroSleep” technology that was soon dismissed by the west as b.s. when In actuality ElectroSleep was technically sound. A few years back I stumbled upon the original US investigation of ElectroSleep and it was another typical BigPharma boondoggle. Testing done in lit rooms during the day. Some very ingenious Soviet researchers / inventors got scammed by the system. It seemed due to failing testing in the U.S. it never even caught on in Russia. EarthPulse™ doesn’t rely on wires and trying to guide current through the correct part of the brain as CES (cranial electric stimulation) requires. Further it bathes all body cells with the same infrasonic (MoreATP for a thorough discussion.

The National Sleep Foundation says school-age children (5-10 years old) need 10-11 hours of sleep, teens 8 – 9  hours and adults 7-9 hours (NSF – How much sleep do we really need?). From recent surveys conducted nearly 30% of adults reported an average of ≤6 hours of sleep per night, only 31% of high school students reported getting at least 8 hours of sleep on average and infants and toddlers woke many more times per night than they did 20 years ago while sleeping much less. All this is due to the wireless age which we believe is the cuprit.

Obesity and Lack of Good Quality Sleep

Sleep problems can also contribute to obesity. A 1999 study at the University of Chicago found impair metabolism and disrupted hormone levels after restricting 11 healthy young adults to four hours’ sleep for six nights. Their ability to process glucose in the blood had declined to prediabetic levels. Just 4 nights! A follow-up study tested healthy men and women. Half were normal sleepers – half averaged less than 6 1/2 sleep per night. Glucose tolerance in the short sleepers were experiencing hormonal changes that could affect their future body weight and impair long-term health. To keep their blood sugar levels normal, the short sleepers required body to make 30% more insulin than the long sleepers. Both studies by Eve Van Cauter, PhD, who termed sleep deprivation “the route to obesity”. Despite not being overweight these young adults had hormone profiles that predisposed them to gaining weight. Van Cauter’s research showed that people who don’t sleep have hormonal abnormalities that may increase appetite and calorie intake. Leptin [an appetite stimulating hormone] falls in subjects when sleep deprived, which promotes appetite for junk food.

Sometimes the best way to treat obesity can be to treat an underlying sleep problem!


Magnetic Therapy Insomnia – Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy / rTMS Bibliography

Cell Biochem Biophys. 2013 Sep;67(1):169-73.
Efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in the treatment of patients with chronic primary insomnia.
Jiang CG1, Zhang T, Yue FG, Yi ML, Gao D.

Abstract
This study assessed the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of patients with chronic primary insomnia. Hundred and twenty patients with chronic primary insomnia were randomly assigned to three study groups (n = 40 per group): rTMS, medication, or psychotherapy treatment (both latter as controls). The treatments proceeded for 2 weeks, after which treatment efficacies were assessed in each study group based on changes in polysomnography parameters, Pittsburgh sleep quality index, and indices of HPA and HPT axes (serum cortisol, adrenocorticotropic hormone, highly sensitive thyrotropin, free T3, and free T4). Further, the relapse and recurrence rates within 3 months after respective treatments were also measured. rTMS treatment significantly better (p < 0.05) improved stage III sleep and REM sleep cycle compared with both control groups. Further, rTMS treatment group was more advantageous in improving the indices of HPA and HPT axes (p < 0.05 vs. both control groups). In addition, the relapse and recurrence rates were also the lowest in rTMS treatment group. In conclusion, rTMS treatment is more advantageous than both medication and psychotherapy treatments in improving the sleep architecture. Further, rTMS significantly decreases the body awakening level and provides a better long-term treatment effect.


Efficacy of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in the Treatment of Patients with Chronic Primary Insomnia.

Jiang CG, Zhang T, Yue FG, Yi ML, Gao D.
Cell Biochem Biophys. 2013 Jun 25. [Epub ahead of print]


disturbed intracortical excitability a stable trait of chronic insomnia? A study usingtranscranial magnetic stimulation before and after multimodal sleep therapy. van der Werf YD, Altena E, van Dijk KD, Strijers RL, De Rijke W, Stam CJ, van Someren EJ.
Biol Psychiatry. 2010 Nov 15;68(10):950-5. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2010.06.028. Epub 2010 Aug 21.


Beneficial effect of transcranial magnetic stimulation on sleep in Parkinson’s disease. van Dijk KD, Møst EI, Van Someren EJ, Berendse HW, van der Werf YD.

Mov Disord. 2009 Apr 30;24(6):878-84. doi: 10.1002/mds.22462.


Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 May 15;104(20):8496-501. Epub 2007 May 4.
Triggering sleep slow waves by transcranial magnetic stimulation.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin, 6001 Research Park Boulevard, Madison, WI 53719, USA.


Nature. 2006 Nov 30;444(7119):610-3. Epub 2006 Nov 5.
Boosting slow oscillations during sleep potentiates memory.
University of Lübeck, Department of Neuroendocrinology, Haus 23a, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538 Lübeck, Germany. 


Psychiatr Prax. 2007 Jan;34(1 Suppl):77-8.  (INTERESTING THAT THIS STUDY HAS BEEN REMOVED FROM PUBMED)
[rTMS for the Treatment of Insomnia – Two Case Reports.]
Fachklinik fur Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Bezirkskrankenhaus Wollershof.


ADVANCES IN THERAPY
Volume 18, Number 4, 174-180, DOI: 10.1007/BF02850111
Impulse magnetic-field therapy for insomnia: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study
Rainer B. Pelka, Christof Jaenicke and Joerg Gruenwald
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2005 Oct;86(10):2018-26.


Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi. 2004 Apr;21(2):219-24.
[Study on the influence of simulative EEG modulation magnetic field on the discharge of median raphe nuclei]

[Article in Chinese]

Wang M, Li Y, Wang X, Guo M.

College of Precision Instrument and Opto-electronics Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China.

In this paper the response characteristic of the nerve fiber to the modulation magnetic field induction. The modulation magnetic field is coupled into the rabbit’s brain to study the influence of magnetic stimulation on the discharge of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) nerve cell. The experiment results demonstrate that discharge frequency of median raphe nuclei related to sleep changes significantly and the discharge becomes slow, which shows that magnetic stimulation can inhibit electrical activity of 5-HT nerve cell and provide a new way to improve insomnia.

PMID: 15143544 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]


J Neurosci. 2004 Nov 3;24(44):9985-92.
Transcranial direct current stimulation during sleep improves declarative memory.
Institute of Neuroendocrinology H23a, University of Lübeck, 23538 Lübeck, Germany. 


Psychiatry Res. 2001 Jul 1;107(1):1-9. 
High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) of the left dorsolateral cortex: EEG topography during waking and subsequent sleep.
Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
This study uses 80% motor threshold for one session only…showing slight reduction in time to sleep and small increase in stage 4


Sleep. 1996 May;19(4):327-36.  
Effects of low energy emission therapy in chronic psychophysiological insomnia.

Pasche B, Erman M, Hayduk R, Mitler MM, Reite M, Higgs L, Kuster N, Rossel C, Dafni U, Amato D, Barbault A, Lebet JP.

Symtonic USA, Inc., New York, New York 10162, USA.

The treatment of chronic psychophysiological insomnia presents a challenge that has not been met using currently available pharmacotherapy. Low energy emission therapy (LEET) has been developed as a potential alternative therapy for this disorder. LEET consists of amplitude-modulated electromagnetic fields delivered intrabuccally by means of an electrically conducting mouthpiece in direct contact with the oral mucosa. The therapeutic action of LEET differs from that of currently available drug therapies in that the sleep pattern noted in insomniacs following LEET treatment more closely resembles nocturnal physiological sleep. This novel treatment may offer an attractive alternative therapy for chronic insomnia.

PMID: 8776791 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]


Bioelectromagnetics. 1994;15(1):67-75.   Sleep inducing effect of low energy emission therapy.
Reite M, Higgs L, Lebet JP, Barbault A, Rossel C, Kuster N, Dafni U, Amato D, Pasche B.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver.

The sleep inducing effect of a 15 min treatment with either an active or an inactive Low Energy Emission Therapy (LEET) device emitting amplitude-modulated electromagnetic (EM) fields was investigated in a double-blind cross-over study performed on 52 healthy subjects. All subjects were exposed to both active and inactive LEET treatment sessions, with an interval of at least 1 week between the two sessions. LEET consists of 27.12 MHz amplitude-modulated (sine wave) EM fields emitted intrabuccally by means of an electrically conducting mouthpiece in direct contact with the oral mucosa. The active treatment consisted of EM fields intermittently amplitude-modulated (sine wave) at 42.7 Hz for 3 s followed by a pause of 1 s during which no EM fields were emitted. During the inactive treatment no EM fields were emitted. Baseline EEGs were obtained and 15 min post-treatment EEGs were recorded and analyzed according to the Loomis classification. A significant decrease (paired t test) in sleep latency to stage B2 (-1.78 +/- 5.57 min, P = 0.013), and an increase in the total duration of stage B2 (1.15 +/- 2.47 min, P = 0.0008) were observed on active treatment as compared with inactive treatment.


Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2002 Apr 19;127(16):872 
Sleep disorders caused by electrosmog? 
Schweisfurth H. 
Klinikum, Thiemstrasse 111, 03048 Cottbus.


Adv Ther. 2001 Jul-Aug;18(4):174-80. 
Impulse magnetic-field therapy for insomnia: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. 
Pelka RB, Jaenicke C, Gruenwald J. 
Universitat der Bundeswehr Munchen Neubiberg/Munich, Germany. 
70% (n = 34) of the patients given active treatment experienced substantial or even complete relief of their complaints; 24% (n = 12) reported clear improvement; 6% (n = 3) noted a slight improvement.


J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2002 Summer;14(3):270-6. 
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation treatment of comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder and major depression. 
Rosenberg PB, Mehndiratta RB, Mehndiratta YP, Wamer A, Rosse RB, Balish M. 
Mental Health Service Line, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, DC 20422, USA. 
Seventy-five percent of the patients had a clinically significant antidepressant response after rTMS, and 50% had sustained response at 2-month follow-up.Comparable improvements were seen in anxiety, hostility, and insomnia, but only minimal improvement in PTSD symptoms. Left frontal cortical rTMS may have promise for treating depression in PTSD, but there may be a dissociation between treating mood and treating core PTSD symptoms.


Crit Rev Biomed Eng. 2001;29(1):125-33 
Investigation of brain potentials in sleeping humans exposed to the electromagnetic field of mobile phones. 
Lebedeva NN, Sulimov AV, Sulimova OP, Korotkovskaya TI, Gailus T. 
Institute of Higher Nerve Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy of Sciences.


Clin Neurophysiol. 2000 Nov;111(11):1936-41. 
Nocturnal magnetic field exposure: gender-specific effects on heart rate variability and sleep. 
Graham C, Sastre A, Cook MR, Gerkovich MM. 
Midwest Research Institute, 425 Volker Boulevard, Kansas City, MO 64110, USA.


Med Hypotheses 2000 Apr;54(4):630-3 
The effects of natural and man-made electromagnetic fields on mood and behavior: the role of sleep disturbances. 
Sher L. 
The author further suggests that the development of sleep abnormalities in persons exposed to artificial electromagnetic fields may predict the onset of a psychiatric disorder at a later time and that early intervention may prevent the onset of a psychiatric disease.


J Sleep Res. 1999 Mar;8(1):77-81. 
A 50-Hz electromagnetic field impairs sleep. 
Akerstedt T, Arnetz B, Ficca G, Paulsson LE, Kallner A. 
National Institute for Psychosocial Factors and Health, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.


Int J Neurosci. 1991 Aug;59(4):259-62. 
Age-related disruption of circadian rhythms: possible relationship to memory impairment and implications for therapy with magnetic fields. 
Sandyk R, Anninos PA, Tsagas N. 
Department of Psychiatry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY 10461.


Efficiency of transcranial electrostimulation on anxiety and insomnia symptoms during a washout period in depressed patients. A double-blind study. Philip P, Demotes-Mainard J, Bourgeois M, Vincent JD.
Biol Psychiatry. 1991 Mar 1;29(5):451-6.


Sleep. 1996 May;19(4):327-36. 
Effects of low energy emission therapy in chronic psychophysiological insomnia. 
Pasche B, Erman M, Hayduk R, Mitler MM, Reite M, Higgs L, Kuster N, Rossel C, Dafni U, Amato D, Barbault A, Lebet JP. 
The number of sleep cycles per night increased by 30% after active treatment (p = 0.0001) but was unchanged following inactive treatment. Subjects did not experience rebound insomnia, and there were no significant side effects. The data presented in this report indicate that LEET administered for 20 minutes three times a week increased TST and reduced SL in chronic psychophysiological insomnia. LEET is safe and well tolerated and it effectively improved the sleep of chronic insomniacs given 12 treatments over a 4-week period by increasing the number of sleep cycles without altering the percentage of the various sleep stages during the night. The therapeutic action of LEET differs from that of currently available drug therapies in that the sleep pattern noted in insomniacs following LEET treatment more closely resembles nocturnal physiological sleep. This novel treatment may offer an attractive alternative therapy for chronic insomnia. 


Bioelectromagnetics. 1994;15(1):67-75. 
Sleep inducing effect of low energy emission therapy. 
Reite M, Higgs L, Lebet JP, Barbault A, Rossel C, Kuster N, Dafni U, Amato D, Pasche B. 
Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver. 
The sleep inducing effect of a 15 min treatment with either an active or an inactive Low Energy Emission Therapy (LEET) device emitting amplitude-modulated electromagnetic (EM) fields was investigated in a double-blind cross-over study performed on 52 healthy subjects. A significant decrease (paired t test) in sleep latency to stage B2 (-1.78 +/- 5.57 min, P = 0.013), and an increase in the total duration of stage B2 (1.15 +/- 2.47 min, P = 0.0008) were observed on active treatment as compared with inactive treatment. 


[Effect of transcranial electrical stimulation on sleep in rats]. Lendais I, Chaouloff F, Laude D, Limoge A, Elghozi JL.
C R Seances Soc Biol Fil. 1989;183(4):329-36. French.

Med Pr. 1983;34(1):65-73. 
[Health status of the workers exposed to strong, constant magnetic fields] 
[Article in Polish] 
Lankosz J, Tokarz J, Weselucha P, Ochmanski W, Gzyl E, Barbaro B, Gatarski J, Drozdzewicz L, Kielar I. 
Forty two workers underwent examinations under clinical conditions. Most subjects, mainly those of long length of employment in e-m fields exposure, exhibited nonspecific abdominal pains, general weakness, insomnia, increased thirst and conjunctivitis. 
PMID: 6865739 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] 


Cesk Neurol Neurochir. 1976 Jan;39(1):1-11. 
[Use of magnetic fields and electronic noise in the treatment of insomnia and neurosis] 
[Article in Czech] 
Grunner O. 
PMID: 1082800 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]


Arch Mal Prof. 1971 Oct-Nov;32(10):679-83. 
[Study of biological disturbances in O.R.T.F. technicians in some high-frequency electromagnetic fields] 
[Article in French] 
Deroche M. 
PMID: 5290081 


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