Pulsed Magnetic Therapy Tinnitus – A Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy PEMF / rTMS Bibliography

Magnetic therapy for Tinnitus Research focuses on field of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). PEMF for Tinnitus is expanding nicely in areas outside of the United States where BigPharma exerts less controls on the practice of medicine and research funding.

Based upon client feedback and these studies, use of pulsed magnetic fields is fairly reliable method of reducing tinnitus. When attempting to experiment yourself, directing the pulse to the auditory complex (see links below) appear useless based upon a handful of studies. Go directly at the ear canal or generally from the base of skull through as little padding as possible.

It has also been reported that Lecithin as a dietary supplement shows promise (it’s made from soy bean, so make sure you find NON GMO). We can’t guarantee a thing, only that if you are not satisfied, just return it in 90-days.


Magnetic Therapy for Tinnitus Using Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy PEMF As Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation rTMS

Tinnitus Connected to Multiple Areas of the Brain – making transcranial pulsed electromagnetic stimulation the best first option.

To read the original source, use Pubmed and search for Title of the citation

  1. Labar, DR, Cortes, M, Edwards, D. 2014. Long-term repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation therapy: new research questions arising from one tinnitus case?. BMJ Case Rep. 2014:.
  2. Thabit, MN, Fouad, N, Shahat, B, Youssif, M. Combined central and peripheral stimulation for treatment of chronic tinnitus: a randomized pilot study. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 29:224-33.
  3. Kim, HJ, Kim, DY, Kim, HI, Oh, HS, Sim, NS, Moon, IS. 2014. Long-term effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in unilateral tinnitus. Laryngoscope. 124:2155-60.
  4. Lo, YL, Cheong, PW, Wong, M, Fook-Chong, S, Yuen, HW, Chan, YM. 2014. A comparison study of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus treatment in an Asian population. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 119:96-9.
  5. Takahashi, S, Ukai, S, Tsuji, T, Ueyama, T, Kono, M, Yamanaka, N, Shinosaki, K. 2015. Reduction of cortical excitability and increase of thalamic activity in a low-frequency rTMS treatment for chronic tinnitus. Neurocase. 21:339-44.
  6. Hoekstra, CE, Versnel, H, Neggers, SF, Niesten, ME, van Zanten, GA. 2013. Bilateral low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the auditory cortex in tinnitus patients is not effective: a randomised controlled trial. Audiol. Neurootol. 18:362-73.
  7. Langguth, B, De Ridder, D. 2013. Tinnitus: therapeutic use of superficial brain stimulation. Handb Clin Neurol. 116:441-67.
  8. Yang, H, Xiong, H, Yu, R, Wang, C, Zheng, Y, Zhang, X. 2013. The characteristic and changes of the event-related potentials (ERP) and brain topographic maps before and after treatment with rTMS in subjective tinnitus patients. PLoS ONE. 8:e70831.
  9. Forogh, B, Yazdi-Bahri, SM, Ahadi, T, Fereshtehnejad, SM, Raissi, GR. 2014. Comparison of two protocols of transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment of chronic tinnitus: a randomized controlled clinical trial of burst repetitive versus high-frequency repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. Neurol. Sci. 35:227-32.
  10. Lee, HY, Yoo, SD, Ryu, EW, Byun, JY, Yeo, SG, Park, MS. 2013. Short term effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with catastrophic intractable tinnitus: preliminary report. Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol. 6:63-7.
  11. Kim, BG, Kim, DY, Kim, SK, Kim, JM, Baek, SH, Moon, IS. 2014. Comparison of the outcomes of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the ipsilateral and contralateral auditory cortex in unilateral tinnitus. Electromagn Biol Med. 33:211-5.
  12. Piccirillo, JF, Kallogjeri, D, Nicklaus, J, Wineland, A, Spitznagel, EL Jr, Vlassenko, AG, Benzinger, T, Mathews, J, Garcia, KS. 2013. Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the temporoparietal junction for tinnitus: four-week stimulation trial. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 139:388-95.
  13. Barwood, CH, Wilson, WJ, Malicka, AN, McPherson, B, Lloyd, D, Munt, K, Murdoch, BE. 2013. The effect of rTMS on auditory processing in adults with chronic, bilateral tinnitus: a placebo-controlled pilot study. Brain Stimul. 6:752-9.
  14. Theodoroff, SM, Folmer, RL. 2013. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation as a treatment for chronic tinnitus: a critical review. Otol. Neurotol. 34:199-208.
  15. Müller, N, Lorenz, I, Langguth, B, Weisz, N. 2013. rTMS induced tinnitus relief is related to an increase in auditory cortical alpha activity. PLoS ONE. 8:e55557.
  16. Lehner, A, Schecklmann, M, Poeppl, TB, Kreuzer, PM, Vielsmeier, V, Rupprecht, R, Landgrebe, M, Langguth, B. 2013. Multisite rTMS for the treatment of chronic tinnitus: stimulation of the cortical tinnitus network--a pilot study. Brain Topogr. 26:501-10.
  17. Peng, Z, Chen, XQ, Gong, SS. 2012. Effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for chronic tinnitus: a systematic review. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 147:817-25.
  18. Langguth, B, Landgrebe, M, Frank, E, Schecklmann, M, Sand, PG, Vielsmeier, V, Hajak, G, Kleinjung, T. 2014. Efficacy of different protocols of transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of tinnitus: Pooled analysis of two randomized controlled studies. World J. Biol. Psychiatry. 15:276-85.
  19. De Ridder, D, Song, JJ, Vanneste, S. 2013. Frontal cortex TMS for tinnitus. Brain Stimul. 6:355-62.
  20. Mennemeier, M, Munn, T, Allensworth, M, Lenow, JK, Brown, G, Allen, S, Dornhoffer, J, Williams, DK. 2013. Laterality, frequency and replication of rTMS treatment for chronic tinnitus: pilot studies and a review of maintenance treatment. Hear. Res. 295:30-7.
  21. Kreuzer, PM, Landgrebe, M, Schecklmann, M, Poeppl, TB, Vielsmeier, V, Hajak, G, Kleinjung, T, Langguth, B. 2011. Can Temporal Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation be Enhanced by Targeting Affective Components of Tinnitus with Frontal rTMS? A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial. Front Syst Neurosci. 5:88.
  22. Burger, J, Frank, E, Kreuzer, P, Kleinjung, T, Vielsmeier, V, Landgrebe, M, Hajak, G, Langguth, B. 2011. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of tinnitus: 4-year follow-up in treatment responders--a retrospective analysis. Brain Stimul. 4:222-7.
  23. Meng, Z, Liu, S, Zheng, Y, Phillips, JS. 2011. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. :CD007946.
  24. Chung, HK, Tsai, CH, Lin, YC, Chen, JM, Tsou, YA, Wang, CY, Lin, CD, Jeng, FC, Chung, JG, Tsai, MH. 2012. Effectiveness of theta-burst repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treating chronic tinnitus. Audiol. Neurootol. 17:112-20.
  25. Garin, P, Gilain, C, Van Damme, JP, de Fays, K, Jamart, J, Ossemann, M, Vandermeeren, Y. 2011. Short- and long-lasting tinnitus relief induced by transcranial direct current stimulation. J. Neurol. 258:1940-8.
  26. Ting, SK, Chan, YM, Cheong, PW, Wong, M, Fook-Chong, S, Lo, YL. 2011. Short duration repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus treatment: a prospective Asian study. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 113:556-8.
  27. Mennemeier, M, Chelette, KC, Allen, S, Bartel, TB, Triggs, W, Kimbrell, T, Crew, J, Munn, T, Brown, GJ, Dornhoffer, J. 2011. Variable changes in PET activity before and after rTMS treatment for tinnitus. Laryngoscope. 121:815-22.
  28. Minami, SB, Shinden, S, Okamoto, Y, Watada, Y, Watabe, T, Oishi, N, Kanzaki, S, Saito, H, Inoue, Y, Ogawa, K. 2011. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for treatment of chronic tinnitus. Auris Nasus Larynx. 38:301-6.
  29. Litré, CF, Giersky, F, Theret, E, Leveque, M, Peruzzi, P, Rousseaux, P. 2010. [Feasibility of auditory cortical stimulation for the treatment of tinnitus. Three case reports]. Neurochirurgie. 56:303-8.
  30. Anders, M, Dvorakova, J, Rathova, L, Havrankova, P, Pelcova, P, Vaneckova, M, Jech, R, Holcat, M, Seidl, Z, Raboch, J. 2010. Efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of refractory chronic tinnitus: a randomized, placebo controlled study. Neuro Endocrinol. Lett. 31:238-49.
  31. Khedr, EM, Abo-Elfetoh, N, Rothwell, JC, El-Atar, A, Sayed, E, Khalifa, H. 2010. Contralateral versus ipsilateral rTMS of temporoparietal cortex for the treatment of chronic unilateral tinnitus: comparative study. Eur. J. Neurol. 17:976-83.
  32. Frank, G, Kleinjung, T, Landgrebe, M, Vielsmeier, V, Steffenhagen, C, Burger, J, Frank, E, Vollberg, G, Hajak, G, Langguth, B. 2010. Left temporal low-frequency rTMS for the treatment of tinnitus: clinical predictors of treatment outcome--a retrospective study. Eur. J. Neurol. 17:951-6.
  33. Meeus, O, Blaivie, C, Ost, J, De Ridder, D, Van de Heyning, P. 2009. Influence of tonic and burst transcranial magnetic stimulation characteristics on acute inhibition of subjective tinnitus. Otol. Neurotol. 30:697-703.
  34. Marcondes, RA, Sanchez, TG, Kii, MA, Ono, CR, Buchpiguel, CA, Langguth, B, Marcolin, MA. 2010. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation improve tinnitus in normal hearing patients: a double-blind controlled, clinical and neuroimaging outcome study. Eur. J. Neurol. 17:38-44.
  35. Soekadar, SR, Arfeller, C, Rilk, A, Plontke, SK, Plewnia, C. 2009. Theta burst stimulation in the treatment of incapacitating tinnitus accompanied by severe depression. CNS Spectr. 14:208-11.
  36. Khedr, EM, Rothwell, JC, El-Atar, A. 2009. One-year follow up of patients with chronic tinnitus treated with left temporoparietal rTMS. Eur. J. Neurol. 16:404-8.
  37. Kleinjung, T, Langguth, B. 2009. Strategies for enhancement of transcranial magnetic stimulation effects in tinnitus patients. Int Tinnitus J. 15:154-60.
  38. Mennemeier, M, Chelette, KC, Myhill, J, Taylor-Cooke, P, Bartel, T, Triggs, W, Kimbrell, T, Dornhoffer, J. 2008. Maintenance repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation can inhibit the return of tinnitus. Laryngoscope. 118:1228-32.
  39. Khedr, EM, Rothwell, JC, Ahmed, MA, El-Atar, A. 2008. Effect of daily repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment of tinnitus: comparison of different stimulus frequencies. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. 79:212-5.
  40. Kleinjung, T, Steffens, T, Londero, A, Langguth, B. 2007. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for treatment of chronic tinnitus: clinical effects. Prog. Brain Res. 166:359-67.
  41. De Ridder, D, van der Loo, E, Van der Kelen, K, Menovsky, T, van de Heyning, P, Moller, A. 2007. Theta, alpha and beta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation: brain modulation in tinnitus. Int J Med Sci. 4:237-41.
  42. Kleinjung, T, Steffens, T, Sand, P, Murthum, T, Hajak, G, Strutz, J, Langguth, B, Eichhammer, P. 2007. Which tinnitus patients benefit from transcranial magnetic stimulation?. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 137:589-95.
  43. De Ridder, D, De Mulder, G, Verstraeten, E, Seidman, M, Elisevich, K, Sunaert, S, Kovacs, S, Van der Kelen, K, Van de Heyning, P, Moller, A. 2007. Auditory cortex stimulation for tinnitus. Acta Neurochir. Suppl. 97:451-62.
  44. Smith, JA, Mennemeier, M, Bartel, T, Chelette, KC, Kimbrell, T, Triggs, W, Dornhoffer, JL. 2007. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus: a pilot study. Laryngoscope. 117:529-34.
  45. Langguth, B, Hajak, G, Kleinjung, T, Pridmore, S, Sand, P, Eichhammer, P. 2006. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and chronic tinnitus. Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. :102-5.
  46. Folmer, RL, Carroll, JR, Rahim, A, Shi, Y, Hal Martin, W. 2006. Effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on chronic tinnitus. Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. :96-101.
  47. Richter, GT, Mennemeier, M, Bartel, T, Chelette, KC, Kimbrell, T, Triggs, W, Dornhoffer, JL. 2006. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus: a case study. Laryngoscope. 116:1867-72.
  48. Fregni, F, Marcondes, R, Boggio, PS, Marcolin, MA, Rigonatti, SP, Sanchez, TG, Nitsche, MA, Pascual-Leone, A. 2006. Transient tinnitus suppression induced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation. Eur. J. Neurol. 13:996-1001.
  49. Langguth, B, Zowe, M, Landgrebe, M, Sand, P, Kleinjung, T, Binder, H, Hajak, G, Eichhammer, P. 2006. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of tinnitus: a new coil positioning method and first results. Brain Topogr. 18:241-7.
  50. Plewnia, C, Reimold, M, Najib, A, Brehm, B, Reischl, G, Plontke, SK, Gerloff, C. 2007. Dose-dependent attenuation of auditory phantom perception (tinnitus) by PET-guided repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. Hum Brain Mapp. 28:238-46.
  51. Londero, A, Lefaucheur, JP, Malinvaud, D, Brugieres, P, Peignard, P, Nguyen, JP, Avan, P, Bonfils, P. 2006. [Magnetic stimulation of the auditory cortex for disabling tinnitus: preliminary results]. Presse Med. 35:200-6.
  52. Kleinjung, T, Steffens, T, Langguth, B, Eichhammer, P, Marienhagen, J, Hajak, G, Strutz, J. 2006. [Treatment of chronic tinnitus with neuronavigated repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS)]. HNO. 54:439-44.
  53. Hoffman, RE, Gueorguieva, R, Hawkins, KA, Varanko, M, Boutros, NN, Wu, YT, Carroll, K, Krystal, JH. 2005. Temporoparietal transcranial magnetic stimulation for auditory hallucinations: safety, efficacy and moderators in a fifty patient sample. Biol. Psychiatry. 58:97-104.
  54. Kleinjung, T, Eichhammer, P, Langguth, B, Jacob, P, Marienhagen, J, Hajak, G, Wolf, SR, Strutz, J. 2005. Long-term effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with chronic tinnitus. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 132:566-9.
  55. Poulet, E, Brunelin, J, Bediou, B, Bation, R, Forgeard, L, Dalery, J, d'Amato, T, Saoud, M. 2005. Slow transcranial magnetic stimulation can rapidly reduce resistant auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia. Biol. Psychiatry. 57:188-91.
  56. Langguth, B, Eichhammer, P, Zowe, M, Marienhagen, J, Kleinjung, T, Jacob, P, Sand, P, Hajak, G. 2004. [Low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for the treatment of chronic tinnitus--are there long-term effects?]. Psychiatr Prax. 31 Suppl 1:S52-4.
  57. Cohen, H, Kaplan, Z, Kotler, M, Kouperman, I, Moisa, R, Grisaru, N. 2004. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in posttraumatic stress disorder: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Am J Psychiatry. 161:515-24.
  58. Eichhammer, P, Langguth, B, Marienhagen, J, Kleinjung, T, Hajak, G. 2003. Neuronavigated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with tinnitus: a short case series. Biol. Psychiatry. 54:862-5.
  59. Langguth, B, Eichhammer, P, Wiegand, R, Marienhegen, J, Maenner, P, Jacob, P, Hajak, G. 2003. Neuronavigated rTMS in a patient with chronic tinnitus. Effects of 4 weeks treatment. Neuroreport. 14:977-80.
  60. Plewnia, C, Bartels, M, Gerloff, C. 2003. Transient suppression of tinnitus by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Ann. Neurol. 53:263-6.
  61. Hoffman, RE, Hawkins, KA, Gueorguieva, R, Boutros, NN, Rachid, F, Carroll, K, Krystal, JH. 2003. Transcranial magnetic stimulation of left temporoparietal cortex and medication-resistant auditory hallucinations. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry. 60:49-56.

End of PEMF/rTMS Tinnitus database

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