Magnetic Therapy and Tinnitus; a pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMF) & repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS/TMS) research review

Research in field of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as therapy for Tinnitus is expanding nicely in areas outside of the United States where BigPharma exerts less controls on the practice of medicine and research $$$. Based upon client feedback and these studies, use of pulsed magnetic fields is fairly reliable method of reducing or eliminating tinnitus. When attempting to treat yourself, directing the pulse to the auditory complex (see links below) appears useless based upon a handful of studies. Go directly at the ear canal or generally, from the base of skull through as little padding as possible. It has also been reported that Lecithin as a dietary supplement shows promise (it's made from soy bean, so make sure you find NON GMO). it should work synergistically with PEMF for tinnitus.

Several hundred pulsed electromagnetic field therapy citations contained in our research bibliographies in sidebar are linked directly to
PubMed a service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and the U.S. National Institutes of Health. These studies are offered for your education only and are not intended as promotional material for EarthPulse Sleep on Command™.

Tinnitus and Pulsed Electromagnetic Field therapy (all clinical research uses rTMS / repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation)

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2015 Feb;272(2):337-43. doi: 10.1007/s00405-013-2851-z. Epub 2013 Dec 14.
Medium-term results of combined treatment with transcranial magnetic stimulation and antidepressant drug for chronic tinnitus.
Bilici S1, Yigit O, Taskin U, Gor AP, Yilmaz ED.

BMJ Case Rep. 2014 Dec 23;2014. pii: bcr2014207203. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2014-207203.
Long-term repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation therapy: new research questions arising from one tinnitus case?
Labar DR1, Cortes M2, Edwards D2.

Electromagn Biol Med. 2014 Sep;33(3):211-5. doi: 10.3109/15368378.2013.801353. Epub 2013 Jun 19.
Comparison of the outcomes of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the ipsilateral and contralateral auditory cortex in unilateral tinnitus.
Kim BG1, Kim DY, Kim SK, Kim JM, Baek SH, Moon IS.

Laryngoscope. 2014 Sep;124(9):2155-60. doi: 10.1002/lary.24722. Epub 2014 Jun 10.
Long-term effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in unilateral tinnitus.
Kim HJ1, Kim DY, Kim HI, Oh HS, Sim NS, Moon IS.

Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2014 Jul 15. pii: 1545968314542616. [Epub ahead of print]
Combined Central and Peripheral Stimulation for Treatment of Chronic Tinnitus: A Randomized Pilot Study.
Mohamed N T1, Fouad N2, Shahat B3, Youssif M3.

World J Biol Psychiatry. 2014 May;15(4):276-85. doi: 10.3109/15622975.2012.708438. Epub 2012 Aug 22.
Efficacy of different protocols of transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of tinnitus: Pooled analysis of two randomized controlled studies.
Langguth B1, Landgrebe M, Frank E, Schecklmann M, Sand PG, Vielsmeier V, Hajak G, Kleinjung T.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2014 Apr;119:96-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2014.01.012. Epub 2014 Jan 25.
A comparison study of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus treatment in an Asian population.
Lo YL1, Cheong PW2, Wong M3, Fook-Chong S4, Yuen HW5, Chan YM3.

Neurocase. 2014 Mar 10. [Epub ahead of print]
Reduction of cortical excitability and increase of thalamic activity in a low-frequency rTMS treatment for chronic tinnitus.
Takahashi S1, Ukai S, Tsuji T, Ueyama T, Kono M, Yamanaka N, Shinosaki K.

Neurol Sci. 2014 Feb;35(2):227-32. doi: 10.1007/s10072-013-1487-5. Epub 2013 Jul 13.
Comparison of two protocols of transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment of chronic tinnitus: a randomized controlled clinical trial of burst repetitive versus high-frequency repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.
Forogh B1, Yazdi-Bahri SM, Ahadi T, Fereshtehnejad SM, Raissi GR.

Brain Stimul. 2013 Sep;6(5):752-9. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2013.01.015. Epub 2013 Feb 21.
The effect of rTMS on auditory processing in adults with chronic, bilateral tinnitus: a placebo-controlled pilot study.
Barwood CH1, Wilson WJ, Malicka AN, McPherson B, Lloyd D, Munt K, Murdoch BE.

Brain Topogr. 2013 Jul;26(3):501-10. doi: 10.1007/s10548-012-0268-4. Epub 2012 Dec 11.
Multisite rTMS for the treatment of chronic tinnitus: stimulation of the cortical tinnitus network--a pilot study.
Lehner A1, Schecklmann M, Poeppl TB, Kreuzer PM, Vielsmeier V, Rupprecht R, Landgrebe M, Langguth B.012;17(2):112-20. Epub 2011 Mar 11.

Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol. 2013 Jun;6(2):63-7. doi: 10.3342/ceo.2013.6.2.63. Epub 2013 Jun 14.
Short term effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with catastrophic intractable tinnitus: preliminary report.
Lee HY1, Yoo SD, Ryu EW, Byun JY, Yeo SG, Park MS.

Brain Stimul. 2013 May;6(3):355-62. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2012.07.002. Epub 2012 Jul 24.
Frontal cortex TMS for tinnitus.
De Ridder D1, Song JJ, Vanneste S.

JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2013 Apr;139(4):388-95. doi: 10.1001/jamaoto.2013.233. -> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temporoparietal_junction
Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation to the temporoparietal junction for tinnitus: four-week stimulation trial.
Piccirillo JF1, Kallogjeri D, Nicklaus J, Wineland A, Spitznagel EL Jr, Vlassenko AG, Benzinger T, Mathews J, Garcia KS.

Otol Neurotol. 2013 Feb;34(2):199-208.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation as a treatment for chronic tinnitus: a critical review.
Theodoroff SM1, Folmer RL.

Audiol Neurootol. 2013;18(6):362-73. doi: 10.1159/000354977. Epub 2013 Oct 19. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auditory_cortex
Bilateral low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the auditory cortex in tinnitus patients is not effective: a randomised controlled trial.
Hoekstra CE1, Versnel H, Neggers SF, Niesten ME, van Zanten GA.

Handb Clin Neurol. 2013;116:441-67. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-444-53497-2.00036-X.
Tinnitus: therapeutic use of superficial brain stimulation.
Langguth B1, De Ridder D.

Hear Res. 2013 Jan;295:30-7. doi: 10.1016/j.heares.2012.03.010. Epub 2012 Apr 1.
Laterality, frequency and replication of rTMS treatment for chronic tinnitus: pilot studies and a review of maintenance treatment.
Mennemeier M1, Munn T, Allensworth M, Lenow JK, Brown G, Allen S, Dornhoffer J, Williams DK.

PLoS One. 2013 Aug 12;8(8):e70831. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0070831. eCollection 2013.
The characteristic and changes of the event-related potentials (ERP) and brain topographic maps before and after treatment with rTMS in subjective tinnitus patients.
Yang H1, Xiong H, Yu R, Wang C, Zheng Y, Zhang X.

PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e55557. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055557. Epub 2013 Feb 4.
rTMS induced tinnitus relief is related to an increase in auditory cortical alpha activity.
Müller N1, Lorenz I, Langguth B, Weisz N.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012 Nov;147(5):817-25. doi: 10.1177/0194599812458771. Epub 2012 Aug 31.
Effectiveness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for chronic tinnitus: a systematic review.
Peng Z1, Chen XQ, Gong SS.

Effectiveness of theta-burst repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treating chronic tinnitus.
Chung HK, Tsai CH, Lin YC, Chen JM, Tsou YA, Wang CY, Lin CD, Jeng FC, Chung JG, Tsai MH.
Source
Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung City, Taiwan, ROC.

J Neurol. 2011 Nov;258(11):1940-8. Epub 2011 Apr 21.
Short- and long-lasting tinnitus relief induced by transcranial direct current stimulation.
Garin P, Gilain C, Van Damme JP, de Fays K, Jamart J, Ossemann M, Vandermeeren Y.
Source
Centre Universitaire d'Audiophonologie, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, CHU Mont-Godinne, Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL), Avenue Dr G. Therasse, 5530, Yvoir, Belgium.

Brain Stimul. 2011 Oct;4(4):222-7. Epub 2010 Dec 28.
Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of tinnitus: 4-year follow-up in treatment responders-a retrospective analysis.
Burger J, Frank E, Kreuzer P, Kleinjung T, Vielsmeier V, Landgrebe M, Hajak G, Langguth B.
Source
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2011 Sep;113(7):556-8. Epub 2011 Apr 20.
Short duration repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus treatment: a prospective Asian study.
Ting SK, Chan YM, Cheong PW, Wong M, Fook-Chong S, Lo YL.
Source
Department of Neurology, National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608, Singapore.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Oct 5;(10):CD007946.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus.
Meng Z, Liu S, Zheng Y, Phillips JS.
Source
Department of ENT, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37, Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, 610041.

Auris Nasus Larynx. 2011 Jun;38(3):301-6. Epub 2010 Oct 23.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for treatment of chronic tinnitus.
Minami SB, Shinden S, Okamoto Y, Watada Y, Watabe T, Oishi N, Kanzaki S, Saito H, Inoue Y, Ogawa K.

Laryngoscope. 2011 Apr;121(4):815-22. doi: 10.1002/lary.21425. Epub 2011 Feb 1.
Variable changes in PET activity before and after rTMS treatment for tinnitus.
Mennemeier M, Chelette KC, Allen S, Bartel TB, Triggs W, Kimbrell T, Crew J, Munn T, Brown GJ, Dornhoffer J.
Source
Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, USA.

Audiol Neurootol. 2011 Mar 11;17(2):112-120. [Epub ahead of print]
Effectiveness of Theta-Burst Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Treating Chronic Tinnitus.
Chung HK, Tsai CH, Lin YC, Chen JM, Tsou YA, Wang CY, Lin CD, Jeng FC, Chung JG, Tsai MH.
Source
Department of Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung City, Taiwan, ROC.

Front Syst Neurosci. 2011;5:88. Epub 2011 Nov 4.
Can Temporal Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation be Enhanced by Targeting Affective Components of Tinnitus with Frontal rTMS? A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial.
Kreuzer PM, Landgrebe M, Schecklmann M, Poeppl TB, Vielsmeier V, Hajak G, Kleinjung T, Langguth B.
Source
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Regensburg , Regensburg, Germany.

Neurochirurgie. 2010 Aug;56(4):303-8. Epub 2010 Apr 27.
[Feasibility of auditory cortical stimulation for the treatment of tinnitus. Three case reports].
Litré CF, Giersky F, Theret E, Leveque M, Peruzzi P, Rousseaux P.
Unité de neurochirurgie fonctionnelle, service de neurochirurgie, hôpital Maison-Blanche, 45, rue Cognacq-Jay, 51092 Reims cedex, France.

Neuro Endocrinol Lett. 2010;31(2):238-49.
Efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of refractory chronic tinnitus: a randomized, placebo controlled study.
Anders M, Dvorakova J, Rathova L, Havrankova P, Pelcova P, Vaneckova M, Jech R, Holcat M, Seidl Z, Raboch J.
Department of Psychiatry, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University Prague and General Teaching Hospital, Czech Republic

Eur J Neurol. 2010 Jul;17(7):976-83. Epub 2010 Mar 4.
Contralateral versus ipsilateral rTMS of temporoparietal cortex for the treatment of chronic unilateral tinnitus: comparative study.
Khedr EM, Abo-Elfetoh N, Rothwell JC, El-Atar A, Sayed E, Khalifa H.
Department of NeuroPsychiatry, Assiut University Hospital, Assiut, Egypt

Eur J Neurol. 2010 Jul;17(7):951-6. Epub 2010 Feb 10.
Left temporal low-frequency rTMS for the treatment of tinnitus: clinical predictors of treatment outcome--a retrospective study.
Frank G, Kleinjung T, Landgrebe M, Vielsmeier V, Steffenhagen C, Burger J, Frank E, Vollberg G, Hajak G, Langguth B.
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Eur J Neurol. 2010 Jan;17(1):38-44. Epub 2009 Jul 9.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation improve tinnitus in normal hearing patients: a double-blind controlled, clinical and neuroimaging outcome study.
Marcondes RA, Sanchez TG, Kii MA, Ono CR, Buchpiguel CA, Langguth B, Marcolin MA.
Department of Otolaryngology, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, São Paulo, Brazil.

Int Tinnitus J. 2009;15(2):154-60.
Strategies for enhancement of transcranial magnetic stimulation effects in tinnitus patients.
Kleinjung T, Langguth B.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Interdisciplinary Tinnitus Center, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Otol Neurotol. 2009 Sep;30(6):697-703.
Influence of tonic and burst transcranial magnetic stimulation characteristics on acute inhibition of subjective tinnitus.
Meeus O, Blaivie C, Ost J, De Ridder D, Van de Heyning P.
Source
University Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Antwerp University Hospital, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

CNS Spectr. 2009 Apr;14(4):208-11.
Theta burst stimulation in the treatment of incapacitating tinnitus accompanied by severe depression.
Soekadar SR, Arfeller C, Rilk A, Plontke SK, Plewnia C.
Source
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.

Eur J Neurol. 2009 Mar;16(3):404-8.
One-year follow up of patients with chronic tinnitus treated with left temporoparietal rTMS.
Khedr EM, Rothwell JC, El-Atar A.
Department of Neurology, Assiut University Hospital, Assiut, Egypt.

Laryngoscope. 2008 Jul;118(7):1228-32.
Maintenance repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation can inhibit the return of tinnitus.
Mennemeier M, Chelette KC, Myhill J, Taylor-Cooke P, Bartel T, Triggs W, Kimbrell T, Dornhoffer J.
Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Science, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, USA.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008 Apr;138(4):497-501.
Combined temporal and prefrontal transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus treatment: a pilot study.
Kleinjung T, Eichhammer P, Landgrebe M, Sand P, Hajak G, Steffens T, Strutz J, Langguth B.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2008 Feb;79(2):212-5.
Effect of daily repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for treatment of tinnitus: comparison of different stimulus frequencies.
Khedr EM, Rothwell JC, Ahmed MA, El-Atar A.
Department of Neurology, Assiut University Hospital, Assiut 71511,

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007 Oct;137(4):589-95. Links
Which tinnitus patients benefit from transcranial magnetic stimulation?
Kleinjung T, Steffens T, Sand P, Murthum T, Hajak G, Strutz J, Langguth B, Eichhammer P.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Regensburg, Germany

Prog Brain Res. 2007;166:359-67.
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for treatment of chronic tinnitus: clinical effects.
Kleinjung T, Steffens T, Londero A, Langguth B.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Int J Med Sci. 2007 Oct 9;4(5):237-41.
Theta, alpha and beta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation: brain modulation in tinnitus.
De Ridder D, van der Loo E, Van der Kelen K, Menovsky T, van de Heyning P, Moller A.
Dept of Neurosurgery, ENT, University Hospital Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium

Hum Brain Mapp. 2007 Mar;28(3):238-46. Links
Dose-dependent attenuation of auditory phantom perception (tinnitus) by PET-guided repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.
Plewnia C, Reimold M, Najib A, Brehm B, Reischl G, Plontke SK, Gerloff C.
Department of Psychiatry, Neurophysiology Section, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.

Laryngoscope. 2007 Mar;117(3):529-34. Links
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus: a pilot study.
Smith JA, Mennemeier M, Bartel T, Chelette KC, Kimbrell T, Triggs W, Dornhoffer JL.
Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, USA.

Acta Neurochir Suppl. 2007;97(Pt 2):451-62.Links
Auditory cortex stimulation for tinnitus.
De Ridder D, De Mulder G, Verstraeten E, Seidman M, Elisevich K, Sunaert S, Kovacs S, Van der Kelen K, Van de Heyning P, Moller A.
Department of Neurosurgery and Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital Antwerp, Belgium.

Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. 2006 Dec;(556):96-101.Links
Effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on chronic tinnitus.
Folmer RL, Carroll JR, Rahim A, Shi Y, Hal Martin W.
OHSU Tinnitus Clinic, Oregon Hearing Research Center, Department of Otolaryngology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA

Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. 2006 Dec;(556):102-5.Links
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and chronic tinnitus.
Langguth B, Hajak G, Kleinjung T, Pridmore S, Sand P, Eichhammer P.
Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University of Regensburg, Germany.

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Tinnitus: A Case Study.
Laryngoscope. 2006 Oct;116(10):1867-1872.
PMID: 17016213 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Transient tinnitus suppression induced by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation.
Eur J Neurol. 2006 Sep;13(9):996-1001.
PMID: 16930367 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of tinnitus: a new coil positioning method and first results.
Brain Topogr. 2006 Summer;18(4):241-7. Epub 2006 Jul 15.
PMID: 16845596 [PubMed - in process]

Treatment of chronic tinnitus with neuronavigated repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS).]
HNO. 2006 Jun;54(6):439-44. German.
PMID: 16170508 [PubMed - in process]

Dose-dependent attenuation of auditory phantom perception (tinnitus) by PET-guided repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation.
Hum Brain Mapp. 2006 Jun 13; [Epub ahead of print]
PMID: 16773635 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Magnetic stimulation of the auditory cortex for disabling tinnitus: preliminary results]
Presse Med. 2006 Feb;35(2 Pt 1):200-6. French.
PMID: 16493347 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Temporoparietal transcranial magnetic stimulation for auditory hallucinations: safety, efficacy and moderators in a fifty patient sample.
Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Jul 15;58(2):97-104.
PMID: 15936729 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Long-term effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with chronic tinnitus.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2005 Apr;132(4):566-9.
PMID: 15806046 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Slow transcranial magnetic stimulation can rapidly reduce resistant auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia.
Biol Psychiatry. 2005 Jan 15;57(2):188-91.
PMID: 15652879 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

[Low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for the treatment of chronic tinnitus--are there long-term effects?]
Psychiatr Prax. 2004 Nov;31 Suppl 1:S52-4. German.
PMID: 15570501 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in posttraumatic stress disorder: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
Am J Psychiatry. 2004 Mar;161(3):515-24.
PMID: 14992978 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Neuronavigated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with tinnitus: a short case series.
Biol Psychiatry. 2003 Oct 15;54(8):862-5.
PMID: 14550687 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Neuronavigated rTMS in a patient with chronic tinnitus. Effects of 4 weeks treatment.
Neuroreport. 2003 May 23;14(7):977-80.
PMID: 12802186 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Ann Neurol. 2003 Feb;53(2):263-6.
Transient suppression of tinnitus by transcranial magnetic stimulation.
Plewnia C, Bartels M, Gerloff C.
Source
Department of Psychiatry, Neurophysiology Section, University of Tuebingen, Germany.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation of left temporoparietal cortex and medication-resistant auditory hallucinations.
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2003 Jan;60(1):49-56.
PMID: 12511172 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

end- PEMF/rTMS Tinnitus database